Heat Transfer Vinyl 101: An Introduction to HTV

If you’re reading this post, it’s probably safe to assume you’ve recently decided to take the plunge into heat transfer vinyl decoration – or at least, you’re thinking about it.

Either way, we’re excited for you! With garment customization and vinyl crafting on the rise, the potential for creative and financial opportunity in the personalization industry is huge. Never before has it been this easy to turn your passion for apparel design into a full-time gig, and we’re happy to see you’re taking advantage.

Now that you’ve taken the first step in creating your custom apparel empire, let’s talk a little bit about how you’re going to do it. Heat transfer vinyl (or HTV for short) is a useful tool, regardless if you intend to create custom products for business or for pleasure. Adding personalized touches to garments and accessories (including logos, names and images) is incredibly easy with HTV, which explains why so many crafters and small entrepreneurs are diving head-first into the heat transfer vinyl business.

Before you warm up your Cameo cutter and start flexing your design muscles, it’s a really good idea to first become acquainted with the world of HTV and learn how it’s used. Understanding vinyl and garment behavior during heat transfer application will come with experience – but that doesn’t mean you should pass up the opportunity to fully educate yourself before you start cutting! The real key to avoid wasting whole rolls of vinyl during the learning process is to perform test cuts and adjust your cut settings for every type of heat transfer vinyl you use.

Recognizing a good test cut from a bad one is vital in achieving success with HTV – but let’s not get ahead of ourselves! Read on as we discuss the basics of heat transfer vinyl and give you the inside scoop on what you need to know to get started.

What is Heat Transfer Vinyl?

Before we jump into the fun stuff like styles, colors and capabilities, let’s first go over the fundamentals of heat transfer vinyl application.

So what is heat transfer vinyl anyway?

Heat transfer vinyl is a special kind of apparel vinyl that is used to decorate or personalize garments and fabric items. It can be cut, weeded and applied to cloth products with a hot iron or a heat press. HTV is manufactured and available in rolls (or pre-cut sheets) with a plastic adhesive backing that is torn away (or ‘weeded’) from the cut vinyl design before the vinyl is pressed onto a garment.

heat transfer vinyl HTV carrier backing coastal business finished vinyl side

When you’re inspecting your heat transfer vinyl for the first time, you’ll notice one of the sides appears more “shiny”. The shiny side of the vinyl material is known as the carrier. This plastic-y carrier holds the heat transfer vinyl pieces in place during application to ensure the cut design is aligned correctly. The carrier side of HTV goes face down on your cutting mat because we need it to stay intact during application. The muted, adhesive side of the HTV material is the side that will end up receiving the cut. During application, the carrier side should always be face up.

This is probably a good time to go over some of the common “lingo” used when talking about HTV – like any other type of production, certain words mean certain things within the context of heat transfer vinyl.

• Carriers – the original polyester backing found on the other side of HTV, which keeps the vinyl material in place during application. Pressure-sensitive carriers are sticky or tacky, while static carriers are smooth.

• Cutter – A blade-equipped machine used to carve or “cut” designs into HTV (Silhouette cutters are common for desktop HTV production).

• Weeding – The process of removing the extra vinyl material after a design has been cut.

• Weeder or weeding tool – A stainless steel hook used to free the excess vinyl from the cut design.

• Heat press – A machine that literally “sandwiches” the HTV and garment together during the application process; using heat and pressure, the heat press adheres the vinyl to the garment.

• Pressure – The amount of force used when you push the heat press shut during application.

• Heat transfer cover sheets – Teflon or another protective material sheet used to prevent your fabric from scorching under the heat; it also ensures that your vinyl adheres to the fabric and not your heat press

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Feel like you’ve got the HTV basics down? Great! Let’s move on to the fun stuff!

Heat Transfer Vinyl: Colors & Finishes of All Types

Once you make the jump into the world of heat transfer vinyl, the sheer amount of available HTV color and style options can feel overwhelming. Each type of HTV has its own recommended pressure, temperature and pressing time settings, so always be sure to consult your product’s pressing instructions to ensure application success every time.

Here are a few examples of popular heat transfer vinyl types:

• Standard heat transfer vinyl (EasyWeed)
• HTV for performance wear (EasyWeed Stretch)
• Glitter heat transfer vinyl (Siser Glitter)
• Holographic and shiny HTV (Siser Holographic)
• Metallic heat transfer vinyl (EasyWeed Metallic)
• Glow-in-the-Dark HTV (EasyWeed Glow)
• Flock heat transfer vinyl (StripFlock by Siser)
• Shimmery and pearlescent HTV (EasyWeed Electric)

Every time you use a new type of HTV, it’s incredibly important that you perform test cuts and adjust your settings to ensure you are producing desired results every time. It’s also a good idea to do a test cut any time you are using a new vinyl color – even if you are familiar with the type of HTV material. Vinyl colors sometimes behave differently due to minor variations in their composition, which can affect your ideal cut settings and ultimately your end results.

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Wondering what types of items work best with heat transfer vinyl? The answer is easy: any garment or fabric that can take the heat of a very hot iron. HTV is pressed using high-heat settings, so it’s always a good idea to press a vinyl scrap on test fabric to ensure your garments can withstand the temperature.

HTV Tools of the Trade

It’s time to tackle your first heat transfer vinyl project! Now what? Don’t panic!

Here are the tools and materials you will need to get set up for production:

A vinyl cutter (Silhouette desktop cutters are great for beginners!)
T-shirt or other fabric/items you plan to decorate
Weeding tools
Stock supply of heat transfer vinyl
Heat press
Teflon sheet/thin piece of cotton fabric for pressing
A computer (ensure your vinyl cutting software + cutter is compatible)

Creating Your HTV Design: You’ve Got Options

Here are a couple ways you can create your heat transfer vinyl design:

Silhouette Studio Software
Adobe Illustrator
Use downloadable SVG files (see our Pinterest board for links to download!)

Before sending your design to your cutter, stop and check your work. Measure your items and adjust your cutting settings to ensure your design outputs at the correct size. If your artwork includes text, check to make sure all spelling appears correct and all fonts are formatted consistently.

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The most important step to remember during the design process is making sure you create a mirror image of your artwork before sending your file to the cutter. When you press your heat transfer vinyl on to your items, your design will be flipped – to ensure it reads correctly, you must mirror the image prior to cutting your vinyl.

Press for Success: Hot Temps & Tips to Keep in Mind

Above all else, managing and improving your pressing settings and application methods is the key to having success with heat transfer vinyl. Depending on the volume and complexity of your HTV project, you can utilize different heat sources to conduct your application. A regular hot household iron will work great on small crafting projects, but if you’re pursuing HTV as a business venture it’s a better idea to invest in an actual heat press to ensure that you’re able to fulfill orders on time.

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Keep the following variables at your fingertips when you are pressing your heat transfer vinyl:

• Temperature – The degree of heat you use during application is going to vary based on the compositions of your HTV and the item you are pressing.

• Pressure – The amount of pressure you use while applying HTV is also going to depend on the types of vinyl and garments you are using.

• Pressing Time – The duration of time you press your items is crucial to the outcome of your application. To ensure you are pressing your garments correctly and effectively, always refer to the production instructions that came with your heat transfer vinyl products.

Always remember to double-check your pressing settings with every new product you press or project you take on to ensure you get desired results every time.

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HTV Pro Tip: Create your own pressing cheat sheet detailing temps, times and pressure based on the vinyl you use and the products you create the most. Keep your cheat sheet near the heat press and you’ll never forget the proper times and temperatures required for pressing different types of vinyl on a variety of products.

Heat Transfer Vinyl Production: A Beginner’s Checklist

Ready to officially get started? Think you have everything covered? Double-check our Beginner’s HTV Checklist to ensure you’re starting off on the right foot!

✓   Buy a HTV cutter package with user-friendly starter materials.

✓   Connect your computer to your cutter and ensure your cutter’s software is compatible with your OS.

✓   Inventory popular HTV colors and styles. Double up on black and white vinyl stock – you’ll go through these two colors more than you think.

✓   Play around with your cutter’s supporting software and familiarize yourself with its capabilities.

✓   Test run your production process before applying HTV to materials that you’re not used to yet. Keep scraps of vinyl and excess materials around to experiment with in your free time.

✓   Practice, practice, practice! You’ll only get better with time and experience.

Now that you’ve gotten set up and you’re ready to start cutting, start experimenting! Don’t forget to tune into our next blog post to learn how to properly cut and press your HTV designs with ease!


Need a little more advice on how to get started? Have a couple questions before purchasing heat transfer vinyl equipment and accessories? Give our Customer Success Team a call and they’ll get you the answers you need to start cutting HTV today!

Get Ready for Fall with Fashionable Tote Bags!

Fall is coming, which means the season of fashion is upon us! Garments containing witty phrases and minimalistic designs are on the rise, making it easier than ever to create custom products that mimic the high-end looks available in big-name department stores. This quip-y trend extends across the wardrobe spectrum, from accessories to T-shirts to tote bags.

The use of tote bags is – pardon the pun – a mixed bag. Everyone in the world needs a way to transport their personal belongings from point A to point B, which makes offering customizable tote bags a lucrative business venture. Read on to see some examples of how you can create fashion-forward tote bags using heat transfer vinyl.

MAKE IT PERSONAL

Not all tote bag designs are created equal – depending on the personality type and individual style of the wearer, desired tote designs will vary from person to person.

Looking to create pre-printed totes to sell on Etsy? Identify different slogans and trends that may appeal to a variety of demographics. Remember to stay on top of holidays, current events and pop culture to ensure you are releasing on-trend products that will sell.

Prefer to stick to custom orders or personalized gifts? Find out more about who will be using the tote – what will the bag be used for? What does the recipient like to do in their free time? Apply these personal details to the design for a completely original item and super satisfied customer.

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CALLING ALL CRAFTERS

Fall is the perfect time to cozy up next to some pumpkin-scented candles and craft until the cows come home. Keep art supplies, small canvases and sketchbooks all in one place – customize a large tote with a creative art slogan to help stay organized AND inspired!

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TEACHERS LOVE ORGANIZATION – AND TOTES TOO!

School is back in session – make sure your mind-molding clients are headed to work in style with everything they need for the day! Create tote designs centered around a scholastic theme, or add personalized aspects like the teacher’s name to ensure their personal items never end up in the lost and found.

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Want more tote bag inspiration? Follow our Totes Awes board on Pinterest and stay on top of what’s trending!

HEAT PRESSING TIPS & TRICKS

Need extra heat transfer vinyl advice? Here are some extra tips to keep in mind when pressing your products:

•   Use a pressing pillow. Some items (such as infant bodysuits, shirts with pockets, garments with thick seams – even totes!) can be more difficult to press, as pressing flaws are more prone to occur on items with bulky seams or uneven surfaces. To ensure your vinyl is adhering evenly, insert a pressing pillow inside of the item before clamping your heat press. This method will help to ensure no lifting occurs and the heat transfer vinyl lays flat on the item.

•   Create a pressing cheat sheet detailing temps, times and pressure based on product type. Keep your cheat sheet near your heat press and you’ll never forget the proper times and temperatures required for pressing different types of vinyl + items. Coastal tests every product on our website – if you are looking for specific heat pressing instructions based on your equipment model or product type, you can find pressing details listed on the “More Information” tab below every product description.

•   Stay stocked with the right tools and supplies. Keep plenty of weeding tools handy near your work area (we all know how easily they can go missing!). No weeding tool on hand? Use an Exact-o knife instead – it will get the job done in the same time (but watch your fingers!).

•   Create saved presets in your cutter. This will save time when cutting and you’ll avoid having to do test cuts on different materials more than once.

Want more information on heat transfer vinyl pressing? Need advice on best practices? Give our customer service department a call at (800) 562-7760 and one of our team members will be more than happy to walk you through the process! For more info regarding tote bag and heat transfer vinyl product options, visit www.coastalbusiness.com.